Speaker: Elijah Liflyand (Bar-Ilan University)
Title: A tale of two Hardy spaces

Abstract:
New relations between the Fourier transform of a function of bounded
variation and the Hilbert transform of its derivative are revealed.
If we do not distinguish between the cosine and sine transforms and consider
the general Fourier transform of $f$, direct calculations give the belonging
of the derivative $f’$ to the real Hardy space $H^1$ as a sufficient condition
for the integrability of the Fourier transform. Our analysis is more delicate.
The main result is an asymptotic formula for the {bf cosine} Fourier
transform, while much earlier known results gives an asymptotic formula
for the sine Fourier transform. The difference is achieved by assuming that
the derivative belongs to different subspaces of $H^1$. However, this tale of
each of the two subspaces were impossible if we would not have a new proof
even for the old result. The known proofs used to give strong priority just to
the sine transform. Interrelations of various function spaces are studied
in this context, first of all of these two types of Hardy spaces. The obtained
results are used for proving completely new results on the integrability
of trigonometric series.