Abstract: Gauss conjectured that there are nine imaginary quadratic fields of class number 1; this was resolved in the 20th century by work of Baker, Heegner, and Stark. In between, Artin had introduced the analogy between number fields and function fields, the latter being finite extensions of the field of rational functions over a finite field. In this realm, the class number 1 problem admits multiple analogues; we recall some of these, one of which was “resolved” in 1975 and then falsified (and corrected) in 2014, and another one of which is a brand-new theorem in which computer calculations (in SageMath and Magma) play a pivotal role.
Topological data analysis (TDA) is a new approach to analyzing complexdata which often helps reveal otherwise hidden patterns by highlightingvarious geometrical and topological features of the data. Persistenthomology is a key in the TDA toolbox. It measures topological featuresof data that persist across multiple scales and thus are robust withrespect to noise. Persistent homology has had many successfulapplications, but there is room for improvement. For large datasets,computation of persistent homology often takes a significant amount oftime. Several approaches have been proposed to try to remedy this issue,such as witness complexes, but those approaches present their owndifficulties.
Speaker: Chuang Xu (Technical University Munich)
Analyzing walks with combinatorics and automata theory
The enumeration theorem by Chomsky and Schützenberger revealed
a significant intersection between the theory of automata and
enumerative combinatorics. Since then, much progress has been made in
both fields. However, their intersection remains unchanged in the sense
that no further enumeration theorem emerged beyond that of
Chomsky-Schützenberger. We survey the literature in both fields and
picture what it would look like to expand the intersection between them.
Michael W. Stewart Monday 02 May 2022 3:30 pm Keller, room 302
Title: “A numerical method for solving the eigenvalue problem associated with neutron diffusion inside nuclear reactor cores”
Abstract: “In this talk we will explore a mathematical tool that might assist in tackling one problem in the design of nuclear reactors, namely a numerical method for finding solutions to the neutron diffusion equation during steady state operations. After a brief look at the physics of nuclear fission and the physical aspects of nuclear reactors we will derive a partial differential equation that can be used to model such systems in a time independent steady state. The use of finite element discretization allows us to find weak solutions to the eigenvalue problem which emerges, and so we review weak solutions, the discretization of continuous problems, and what is known about the linear systems that such discretization produces. The solutions of such a discretized problem will naturally differ from the exact solution, and so we set bounds on the errors that are introduced. A possible algorithm to solve the generalized eigenvalue problem, and some computational experiments will then be reviewed.”